The Linc-p21 locus, encoding a long non-coding RNA, plays an important role in p53 signaling, cell-cycle regulation, and tumor suppression. However, despite extensive study, confusion exists regarding its mechanism of action: is activity driven by the transcript acting in trans, in cis, or by an underlying functional enhancer?
Here, using a knockout mouse model and a massively parallel enhancer assay, Harvard University researchers delineate the functional elements at this locus. They observe that, even in tissues with no detectable Linc-p21 transcript, deletion of the locus significantly affects local gene expression, including of the cell-cycle regulator Cdkn1a. To characterize this RNA-independent regulatory effect, the researchers systematically interrogated the underlying DNA sequence for enhancer activity at nucleotide resolution and confirmed the existence of multiple enhancer elements. Together, these data suggest that, in vivo, the cis-regulatory effects mediated by Linc-p21, in the presence or absence of transcription, are due to DNA enhancer elements.
- Linc-p21 regulates transcription of multiple local genes in vivo, including Cdkn1a
- Linc-p21 RNA is entirely dispensable for this cis-regulatory function
- Massively parallel reporter assay identifies several enhancer elements at this locus
- The Linc-p21 locus physically interacts with cis-regulated genes in human and mouse