Tag Archives: rna sequencing

Unravelling the long non-coding RNA profile of undifferentiated large cell lung carcinoma

lncrna

Undifferentiated large cell lung carcinoma (LCLC) accounts for 2.9–9% of total lung cancers. Recently, RNA-seq based studies have revealed major genomic aberrations in LCLC. In this study, researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology aim to identify long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) expression pattern specific to LCLC. The RNA-seq profile of LCLC and other non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) was downloaded ...

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An atlas and analysis of bovine skeletal muscle long noncoding RNAs

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have various biological functions and have been extensively studied in recent years. However, the identification and characterization of bovine lncRNAs in skeletal muscle has been very limited compared with that of lncRNAs in other model organisms. In this study, researchers from Tianjin Agricultural University identified 7188 bovine skeletal muscle lncRNAs in four different muscle tissues by ...

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Identification and Characterization of Long Noncoding RNA in Dermatological Research

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a functionally heterogeneous and abundant class of RNAs acting in all cellular compartments that can form complexes with DNA, RNA, and proteins. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing and techniques leading to the identification of DNA-RNA, RNA-RNA, and RNA-protein complexes have allowed the functional characterization of a small set of lncRNAs. However, characterization of the full ...

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Unraveling the oral cancer lncRNAome

lncRNA

The role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still poorly understood. In this study, UCSD researchers aimed at establishing the onco-lncRNAome profiling of HNSCC and to identify lncRNAs correlating with prognosis and patient survival. The Atlas of Noncoding RNAs in Cancer (TANRIC) database was employed to retrieve the lncRNA expression ...

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RNA-Seq reveals long noncoding RNAs response to hypoxia in the endothelial cell

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein coding RNAs regulating gene expression. Although for some lncRNAs a relevant role in hypoxic endothelium has been shown, the regulation and function of lncRNAs is still largely unknown in the vascular physio-pathology. Taking advantage of next-generation sequencing techniques, researchers at the Policlinico San Donato-IRCCS investigated transcriptomic changes induced by endothelial cell exposure to hypoxia. ...

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The landscape of long noncoding RNAs in the human transcriptome

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important regulators of tissue physiology and disease processes including cancer. To delineate genome-wide lncRNA expression, researchers at the University of Michigan curated 7,256 RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) libraries from tumors, normal tissues and cell lines comprising over 43 Tb of sequence from 25 independent studies. They applied ab initio assembly methodology to this data ...

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Genome-wide profiling of the cardiac transcriptome after myocardial infarction identifies novel heart-specific long non-coding RNAs

Aim – Heart disease is recognized as a consequence of dysregulation of cardiac gene regulatory networks. Previously, unappreciated components of such networks are the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Their roles in the heart remain to be elucidated. Thus, this study aimed to systematically characterize the cardiac long non-coding transcriptome post-myocardial infarction and to elucidate their potential roles in cardiac homoeostasis. ...

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Featured long non-coding RNA – SENCR

There is little insight into whether and how lncRNAs effect human vascular cell phenotypes.  Now, researchers at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry have performed RNA sequencing in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells and discovered a novel lncRNA called SENCR.  SENCR is most abundant in vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells.  SENCR is a low copy, cytoplasmic ...

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Long Non-Coding RNA and Alternative Splicing Modulations in Parkinson's Leukocytes Identified by RNA Sequencing

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise a novel, fascinating class of RNAs with largely unknown biological functions. Parkinson’s-disease (PD) is the most frequent motor disorder, and Deep-brain-stimulation (DBS) treatment alleviates the symptoms, but early disease biomarkers are still unknown and new future genetic interference targets are urgently needed. Using RNA-sequencing technology and a novel computational workflow for in-depth exploration of whole-transcriptome ...

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Increased fraction of novel gene structures for long-noncoding RNAs

Precise identification of RNA-coding regions and transcriptomes of eukaryotes is a significant problem in biology. Currently, eukaryote transcriptomes are analyzed using deep short-read sequencing experiments of complementary DNAs. The resulting short-reads are then aligned against a genome and annotated junctions to infer biological meaning. In this study, scientists at Stanford University use long-read complementary DNA datasets for the analysis of ...

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