Review Paper

The decade of exosomal long RNA species

lncRNA

Exosomes have emerged as a novel approach for the treatment and diagnosis of cancer after RNA content was discovered in exosomes in 2007. As important meditators of intercellular communication, exosomes have become a strong focus of investigation for researchers in the past decade, as witnessed through the exponential increase of research on exosomes. The capability of exosomes to transfer functionally ...

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Long noncoding RNAs in lipid metabolism

lncrna

Noncoding RNAs have emerged as important regulators of cellular and systemic lipid metabolism. In particular, the enigmatic class of long noncoding RNAs have been shown to play multifaceted roles in controlling transcriptional and posttranscriptional gene regulation. Researchers from the New York University School of Medicine discuss recent advances, current challenges and future opportunities in understanding the roles of lncRNAs in ...

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Splicing regulation by long noncoding RNAs

lncRNA

Massive high-throughput sequencing techniques allowed the identification of thousands of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and a plethora of different mRNA processing events occurring in higher organisms. Long ncRNAs can act directly as long transcripts or can be processed into active small si/miRNAs. They can modulate mRNA cleavage, translational repression or the epigenetic landscape of their target genes. Recently, certain long ncRNAs ...

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