A Feedforward Regulatory Loop involving Long Noncoding RNA Controls Early Phases of Myogenesis

The muscle-specific long noncoding RNA linc-MD1 was shown to be expressed during early phases of muscle differentiation and to trigger the switch to later stages by acting as a sponge for miR-133 and miR-135. Notably, linc-MD1 is also the host transcript of miR-133b, and their biogenesis is mutually exclusive.

Here, researchers at Sapienza University of Rome describe that this alternative synthesis is controlled by the HuR protein, which favors linc-MD1 accumulation through its ability to bind linc-MD1 and repress Drosha cleavage. They show that HuR is under the repressive control of miR-133 and that the sponging activity of linc-MD1 consolidates HuR expression in a feedforward positive loop. Finally, they show that HuR also acts in the cytoplasm, reinforcing linc-MD1 sponge activity by cooperating for miRNA recruitment. An increase in miR-133 synthesis, mainly from the two unrelated miR-133a coding genomic loci, is likely to trigger the exit from this circuitry and progression to later differentiation stages.


  • Legnini I, Morlando M, Mangiavacchi A, Fatica A, Bozzoni I. (2014) A Feedforward Regulatory Loop between HuR and the Long Noncoding RNA linc-MD1 Controls Early Phases of Myogenesis. Mol Cell [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]

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