Tag Archives: NEAT1

lncRNA NEAT1 as a prognostic factor for survival of cancer

lncrna

Researchers at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University conducted a meta-analysis to analyze available data to identify the prognostic role of NEAT1 in multiple carcinomas. A total of 12 studies with 3,262 cancer patients were pooled in the analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of NEAT1 in multiple tumors. High expression levels of NEAT1 were demonstrated to be associated with ...

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Neat1 is a p53-inducible lincRNA essential for transformation suppression

lncrna

The p53 gene is mutated in over half of all cancers, reflecting its critical role as a tumor suppressor. Although p53 is a transcriptional activator that induces myriad target genes, those p53-inducible genes most critical for tumor suppression remain elusive. Here, researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine leveraged p53 ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation [ChIP] combined with high-throughput sequencing) and RNA-seq ...

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Functional dissection of NEAT1 using genome editing

lncRNA

Large numbers of long noncoding RNAs have been discovered in recent years, but only a few have been characterized. NEAT1 (nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1) is a mammalian long noncoding RNA that is important for the reproductive physiology of mice, cancer development, and the formation of subnuclear bodies termed paraspeckles. The two major isoforms of NEAT1 (3.7 kb NEAT1_1 and ...

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The first molecular beacons-based imaging of intracellular dynamics and localization of single long noncoding RNAs

lncRNA

Analysis of RNA dynamics and localization at the single-molecule level in living cells has been predominantly achieved by engineering target RNAs with large insertions of tandem repeat sequences that are bound by protein-based or oligonucleotide-based fluorescent probes. Thus, individual RNAs are tagged by multiple fluorescent probes, making them detectable by fluorescence microscopy. Since large insertions may affect RNA processes including ...

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ExInAtor – driver lncRNA discovery using mutational patterns in tumour DNA

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a vast unexplored genetic space that may hold missing drivers of tumourigenesis, but few such “driver lncRNAs” are known. Until now, they have been discovered through changes in expression, leading to problems in distinguishing between causative roles and passenger effects. Researchers at the CRG – Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology have developed a different ...

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lncRNAs Neat1 and SAMMSON: similar, yet different anti-cancer targets

lncRNA

A team of researchers led by Chris Marine (VIB-KU Leuven) has shown that NEAT1, a long non-coding RNA, plays an important role in the survival of highly dividing cells – cancer cells in particular. The research has a striking similarity to earlier findings by the Marine lab about SAMMSON, a long non-coding RNA gene on which the growth of aggressive ...

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lncRNA molecule that fuels cancer growth identified

lncRNA

​Targeting NEAT1 and ‘paraspeckles’ increases chemosensitivity of cancer cells A team of researchers led by professor Jean-Christophe Marine (VIB-KU Leuven) has identified NEAT1, a non-coding RNA, as a potential therapeutic target in the fight against cancer. In collaboration with the Cédric Blanpain lab (ULB), VIB researchers have shown that NEAT1 plays an important role in the survival of highly dividing ...

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Dysregulation of Long Non-coding RNA Genes during Zika Virus Infection

lncRNA

Zika Virus (ZIKV) is a causative agent for poor pregnancy outcome and fetal developmental abnormalities, including microcephaly and eye defects. As a result, ZIKV is now a confirmed teratogen. Understanding host-pathogen interactions, specifically cellular perturbations caused by ZIKV, can provide novel therapeutic targets. In order to complete viral replication, viral pathogens control the host cellular machineries and regulate various factors, ...

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“Cat’s Cradling” the 3D Genome by the Act of LncRNA Transcription

lncRNA

There is growing evidence that transcription and nuclear organization are tightly linked. Yet, whether transcription of thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could play a role in this packaging process remains elusive. Although some lncRNAs have been found to have clear roles in nuclear architecture (e.g., FIRRE, NEAT1, XIST, and others), the vast majority remain poorly understood. In this Perspective, ...

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Altered Expression of the Long Noncoding RNA NEAT1 in Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease caused by cytosine-adenine-guanine trinucleotide repeat expansion in the huntingtin gene. Growing evidence supports the regulatory functions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the disease process, but little is known about the association between lncRNAs and neuronal death in HD. Here, researchers from Seoul National University Hospital evaluated the altered expression profiles of ...

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