Tag Archives: long non-coding RNAs

The Function and Therapeutic Potential of Long Non-coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Development and Disease

The popularization of genome-wide analyses and RNA sequencing led to the discovery that a large part of the human genome, while effectively transcribed, does not encode proteins. Long non-coding RNAs have emerged as critical regulators of gene expression in both normal and disease states. Studies of long non-coding RNAs expressed in the heart, in combination with gene association studies, revealed ...

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Microarray expression profiling of long non-coding RNAs in epithelial ovarian cancer

lncRNA

Although numerous long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified to be important in human cancer, their potential regulatory roles in epithelial tumorigenesis and tumor progression in ovarian cancer remain unclear. Researchers from Nanjing Medical University set out to investigate lncRNAs that were differentially expressed (DE) in epithelial ovarian cancer and to explore their potential functions. The lncRNA profiles in five pairs ...

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Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cardiac Remodeling

lncRNA

Cardiac remodeling occurs after stress to the heart, manifested as pathological processes, including hypertrophy and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells as well as differentiation and proliferation of fibroblasts, ultimately resulting in progression of cardiovascular diseases. Emerging evidence has revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) acted as powerful and dynamic modifiers of cardiac ...

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IntNetLncSim – an integrative network analysis method to infer human lncRNA functional similarity

Increasing evidence indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were involved in various biological processes and complex diseases by communicating with mRNAs/miRNAs each other. Exploiting interactions between lncRNAs and mRNA/miRNAs to lncRNA functional similarity (LFS) is an effective method to explore function of lncRNAs and predict novel lncRNA-disease associations. Researchers from Harbin Medical University have proposed an integrative framework, IntNetLncSim, to ...

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LncRNAs – macromolecules with big roles in neurobiology and neurological diseases

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recently defined as thousands of RNA molecules longer than 200 nucleotides and lacking an appreciable open reading frame in mammals. Although lncRNAs lack protein-coding function, they play critical roles in the regulation of almost all the protein-coding genes in a cell at various stages including chromatin modification, transcription and post-transcriptional processing. It is thus not ...

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Identification and comparison of long non-coding RNAs in the silk gland between the domestic and wild silkworms

lncRNA

Under long-term artificial selection, the domestic silkworm (Bombyx mori) has increased its silk yield tremendously in comparison with its wild progenitor, Bombyx mandarina. However, the molecular mechanism of silk yield increase is still unknown. Comparative analysis of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may provide some insights into understanding this phenotypic variation. In this study, using the RNA-seq data of silk gland ...

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The emerging role of long non-coding RNAs in endometrial cancer

lncRNA

The human genome is pervasively transcribed and approximately 98% of the genome is non-coding. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a heterogeneous group of RNA transcripts that are >200 nucleotides in length with minimal to no protein-coding potential. Similar to proteins, lncRNAs have important biological functions in both normal cells and disease states including many types of cancer. This review summarizes ...

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HULC – an oncogenic long non-coding RNA in human cancer

lncRNA

Highly up-regulated in liver cancer (HULC) was originally identified as the most overexpressed long non-coding RNA in hepatocellular carcinoma. Since its discovery, the aberrant up-regulation of HULC has been demonstrated in other cancer types, including gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, osteosarcoma and hepatic metastasis of colorectal cancer. Recent discoveries have also shed new light on the upstream molecular mechanisms underlying HULC ...

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Affymetrix to Sponsor New Webinar Focusing on the Importance of Understanding lncRNAs in Breast Cancer Progression and Tumorigenesis

lncRNA

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and is the second leading cause of cancer death among women. Hundreds of thousands of women worldwide lose their battle against this cancer each year, and it is estimated that one in eight US women will develop invasive breast cancer in her lifetime. The heterogeneity of breast cancer, with its ...

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Identification of long non-coding RNAs biomarkers for early diagnosis of myocardial infarction

lncRNA

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently been shown as novel promising diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers for various cancers. However, lncRNA expression patterns and their predictive value in early diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) have not been systematically investigated. In this study, researchers from Harbin Medical University performed a comprehensive analysis of lncRNA expression profiles in MI and found altered lncRNA ...

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