Tag Archives: lncrna

The lncRNome of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as key players in a remarkably variety of biological processes and pathologic conditions, including cancer. Next-generation sequencing technologies and bioinformatics procedures predict the existence of tens of thousands of lncRNAs, from which we know the functions of only a handful of them, and very little is known in cancer types such as head and ...

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Impact of Dietary Interventions on Noncoding RNA Networks

lncRNA

Dietary interventions dramatically affect metabolic disease and lifespan in various aging models. Here, researchers from the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences profiled liver microRNA (miRNA), coding, and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression by high-throughput deep sequencing in mice across multiple energy intake and expenditure interventions. Strikingly, three dietary intervention network design patterns were uncovered: (1) lifespan-extending interventions largely repressed the ...

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The Influence of microRNAs and Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer Chemoresistance

lncRNA

Innate and acquired chemoresistance exhibited by most tumours exposed to conventional chemotherapeutic agents account for the majority of relapse cases in cancer patients. Such chemoresistance phenotypes are of a multi-factorial nature from multiple key molecular players. The discovery of the RNA interference pathway in 1998 and the widespread gene regulatory influences exerted by microRNAs (miRNAs) and other non-coding RNAs have ...

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Long non-coding RNA CASC2 in human cancer

lncRNA

Long non-coding RNAs cover large part of the non-coding information of the human DNA, which represents more than 90% of the whole genome. They constitute a wide and complex group of molecules with more than 200 nucleotides, which generally lack an open reading frame, and are involved in various ways in the pathophysiology of cancer. Their roles in the regulation ...

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Post-doc Position Available – lncRNA and Cancer Biology

lncRNA

A postdoctoral position is available in the laboratory of Dr. Nadya Dimitrova, Assistant Professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology at Yale University. Research in the Dimitrova laboratory focuses on investigating the roles of a novel class of genes, called long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer biology. To date, lncRNAs have remained largely uncharacterized but emerging evidence ...

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Bioinformatics for Novel Long Intergenic Noncoding RNA (lincRNA) Identification

lncRNA

Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) , which are larger than 200 nucleotides and transcribed from the intergenic regions of protein coding genes, have been shown by accumulating findings to be widely expressed and extensively functional in many cellular processes. Nevertheless, given their cell/tissue-specificity, there is a need of identifying novel lincRNAs in a given system. To fulfill this purpose, researchers ...

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In Silico Characterization of miRNA and Long Non-Coding RNA Interplay in Multiple Myeloma

lncRNA

The identification of deregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in multiple myeloma (MM) has progressively added a further level of complexity to MM biology. In addition, the cross-regulation between lncRNAs and miRNAs has begun to emerge, and theoretical and experimental studies have demonstrated the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) activity of lncRNAs as natural miRNA decoys in pathophysiological conditions, ...

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Identification and Characterization of Long Noncoding RNA in Dermatological Research

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a functionally heterogeneous and abundant class of RNAs acting in all cellular compartments that can form complexes with DNA, RNA, and proteins. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing and techniques leading to the identification of DNA-RNA, RNA-RNA, and RNA-protein complexes have allowed the functional characterization of a small set of lncRNAs. However, characterization of the full ...

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The short ASCC3 RNA isoform functions as a long non-coding RNA

Researchers from the Francis Crick Institute analyzed the transcription-related DNA damage response on a genome-wide scale with great spatial and temporal resolution. Upon UV irradiation, a slowdown of transcript elongation and restriction of gene activity to the promoter-proximal ∼25 kb is observed. This is associated with a shift from expression of long mRNAs to shorter isoforms, incorporating alternative last exons ...

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Three-lncRNA signature – a novel biomarker for the accurate prognosis prediction HNSCC

lncRNA

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important biological functions and can be used as prognostic biomarkers in cancer. To identify a lncRNA prognostic signature for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Researchers at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine analysed RNA-seq data derived from the TANRIC database to identify a lncRNA prognostic signature model using the orthogonal partial ...

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