Tag Archives: chromatin

Regulated expression of the lncRNA TERRA and its impact on telomere biology

lncrna

The telomere protects against genomic instability by minimizing the accelerated end resection of the genetic material, a phenomenon that results in severe chromosome instability that could favor the transformation of a cell by enabling the emergence of tumor-promoting mutations. Some mechanisms that avoid this fate, such as capping and loop formation, have been very well characterized; however, telomeric non-coding transcripts, ...

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Impact of Dietary Interventions on Noncoding RNA Networks

lncRNA

Dietary interventions dramatically affect metabolic disease and lifespan in various aging models. Here, researchers from the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences profiled liver microRNA (miRNA), coding, and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression by high-throughput deep sequencing in mice across multiple energy intake and expenditure interventions. Strikingly, three dietary intervention network design patterns were uncovered: (1) lifespan-extending interventions largely repressed the ...

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Request for contributions to a special edition on lncRNA

lncRNA

Research Topic – Roles of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Embryonic Development and Cellular Homeostasis Advances in genomics over the past two decades have established that more than two thirds of the eukaryotic genome is pervasively transcribed, while just >2% codes for protein. Intriguingly, the degree of organismal complexity appears proportional to the transcribed non-coding portion of the genome. The majority ...

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Human Pancreatic β Cell lncRNAs Control Cell-Specific Regulatory Networks

lncRNA

Recent studies have uncovered thousands of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human pancreatic β cells. β cell lncRNAs are often cell type specific and exhibit dynamic regulation during differentiation or upon changing glucose concentrations. Although these features hint at a role of lncRNAs in β cell gene regulation and diabetes, the function of β cell lncRNAs remains largely unknown. In ...

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Long noncoding RNA (lincRNA), a new paradigm in gene expression control

lncRNA

Long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) are defined as RNA transcripts that are longer than 200 nucleotides. By definition, these RNAs must not have open reading frames that encode proteins. Many of these transcripts are encoded by RNA polymerase II, are spliced, and are poly-adenylated. This final fact indicates that there is a trove of information about lincRNAs in databases such ...

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CHART – Mapping Long Noncoding RNA Chromatin Occupancy Using Capture Hybridization Analysis of RNA Targets

lncRNA

Capture Hybridization Analysis of RNA Targets (CHART) has recently been developed to map the genome-wide binding profile of chromatin-associated RNAs. This protocol uses a small number of 22-28 nucleotide biotinylated antisense oligonucleotides, complementary to regions of the target RNA that are accessible for hybridization, to purify RNAs from a cross-linked chromatin extract. RNA-chromatin complexes are next immobilized on beads, washed, ...

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The roles of long noncoding RNAs in chromosome domains

The cell nucleus is highly organized and functionally compartmentalized. Double-stranded naked DNA is complexed with core histones and assembled into nucleosomes and chromatin, which are surrounded by nuclear domains composed of RNAs and proteins. Recently, three-dimensional views of chromosome organization beyond the level of the nucleosome have been established and are composed of several layers of chromosome domains. Only a ...

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MEG3 long noncoding RNA regulates the TGF-β pathway genes through formation of RNA-DNA triplex structures

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate gene expression by association with chromatin, but how they target chromatin remains poorly understood. Researchers from the University of Gothenburg have used chromatin RNA immunoprecipitation-coupled high-throughput sequencing to identify 276 lncRNAs enriched in repressive chromatin from breast cancer cells. Using one of the chromatin-interacting lncRNAs, MEG3,  they explored the mechanisms by which lncRNAs target chromatin. ...

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The functional role of long non-coding RNAs and epigenetics

lncRNA

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides. The post-transcriptional regulation is influenced by these lncRNAs by interfering with the microRNA pathways, involving in diverse cellular processes. The regulation of gene expression by lncRNAs at the epigenetic level, transcriptional and post-transcriptional level have been well known and widely studied. Recent recognition that lncRNAs make effects in ...

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Long noncoding RNAs and prostate carcinogenesis: the missing 'linc'?

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are rapidly becoming essential pieces in the cancer puzzle. Our understanding of their functional capabilities is in its infancy. One certain fact, however, is that their molecular interactions extend beyond chromatin complexes into diverse biological processes. In prostate cancer, aberrant expression of lncRNAs is associated with disease progression. Overexpression of oncogenic lncRNAs promotes tumor-cell proliferation and ...

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