MYC Regulated by Super-Enhancer Long Noncoding RNA in Colorectal Cancer

In the cover story published on May 5th, 2014 in Cell Research, the team led by CHEN Lingling from the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, presents a Colorectal Cancer (CRC) specific long noncoding RNA, CCAT1-L, in the regulation of MYC expression across over 500 kb in distance by participating in higher chromatin organization.

The expression of the human MYC oncogene is complex and regulated at multiple levels. One of the most mysterious regulations of MYC is that the megabase-sized region of human 8q24 gene desert around MYC contains many regulatory elements including enhancers and super-enhancers. These regulatory elements form looping interactions with MYC in a tissue-/tumor type-specific manner. However, how these chromatin loops in the MYC locus are regulated remains unknown.

Under supervision of Prof. CHEN Lingling, XIANG Jianfeng et al have identified a CRC specific long noncoding RNA, CCAT1-L, transcribed from 515k upstream of the MYC gene, a CRC specific super enhancer region. CCAT1-L accumulates to its sites of transcription, interacts with CTCF to facilitate the long-range chromatin interaction between distal enhancers and the MYC promoter. Knockdown of CCAT1-L decreases MYC expression by weakening the long-range interactions between the MYC promoter and its distal enhancers. In-cis activation of CCAT1-L with the TALEN technique minics endogenous CCAT1-L sub-cellular localization and function, upregulate MYC expression and promote tumorigenesis. This study leads to a better understanding of MYC regulation network and roles of lncRNAs in chromatin regulation.

lncrna

This study entitled Human colorectal cancer-specific CCAT1-L lncRNA regulates long-range chromatin interactions at the MYC locus was published on Cell Research as a cover storyand highlighted by S.T. Younger and Rinn with a title of “‘Lnc’ -ing enhancers to MYC regulation” on April 29th, 2014, Cell Research. This work was supported by grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and Chinese Academy of Sciences. 

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