Review Paper

Present Scenario of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Plants

lncRNA

Small non-coding RNAs have been extensively studied in plants over the last decade. In contrast, genome-wide identification of plant long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has recently gained momentum. LncRNAs are now being recognized as important players in gene regulation, and their potent regulatory roles are being studied comprehensively in eukaryotes. LncRNAs were first reported in humans in 1992. Since then, research ...

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Perspectives of long non-coding RNAs in cancer

lncRNA

A recent advance in transcriptomics has spawned the ‘Decade of non-coding RNAs’ by potentiating the growing numbers of long non-coding RNA in cancer. LncRNA involvement in cancer denotes its significance beyond our perception as they participate in tumor suppression and promoting oncogenesis, which raises them as a mighty class of effectors or regulators. Aberrantly expressed lncRNAs interact with major protein ...

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Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cardiac Remodeling

lncRNA

Cardiac remodeling occurs after stress to the heart, manifested as pathological processes, including hypertrophy and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells as well as differentiation and proliferation of fibroblasts, ultimately resulting in progression of cardiovascular diseases. Emerging evidence has revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) acted as powerful and dynamic modifiers of cardiac ...

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Long Non-coding RNAs in Gastric Cancer: A True Relationship or miR Chance?

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are gradually drawing the attention of the cancer research community due to their pivotal involvement in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. These non-protein coding, >200 nucleotides long transcripts are aberrantly expressed in the majority of human malignancies, including gastric cancer (GC). The discovery that lncRNAs are severely deregulated across different human malignancies has prompted the pursuit of ...

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Non-Coding RNAs – New Players in Skin Wound Healing

lncRNA

Significance: Wound healing is a basic physiological process that is utilized to keep the integrity of the skin. Impaired wound repair, such as chronic wounds and pathological scars, presents a major health and economic burden worldwide. To date, efficient targeted treatment for these wound disorders is still lacking, which is largely due to our limited understanding of the biological mechanisms ...

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The Influence of microRNAs and Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer Chemoresistance

lncRNA

Innate and acquired chemoresistance exhibited by most tumours exposed to conventional chemotherapeutic agents account for the majority of relapse cases in cancer patients. Such chemoresistance phenotypes are of a multi-factorial nature from multiple key molecular players. The discovery of the RNA interference pathway in 1998 and the widespread gene regulatory influences exerted by microRNAs (miRNAs) and other non-coding RNAs have ...

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Long non-coding RNA CASC2 in human cancer

lncRNA

Long non-coding RNAs cover large part of the non-coding information of the human DNA, which represents more than 90% of the whole genome. They constitute a wide and complex group of molecules with more than 200 nucleotides, which generally lack an open reading frame, and are involved in various ways in the pathophysiology of cancer. Their roles in the regulation ...

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Identification and Characterization of Long Noncoding RNA in Dermatological Research

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a functionally heterogeneous and abundant class of RNAs acting in all cellular compartments that can form complexes with DNA, RNA, and proteins. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing and techniques leading to the identification of DNA-RNA, RNA-RNA, and RNA-protein complexes have allowed the functional characterization of a small set of lncRNAs. However, characterization of the full ...

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LncRNAs – macromolecules with big roles in neurobiology and neurological diseases

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recently defined as thousands of RNA molecules longer than 200 nucleotides and lacking an appreciable open reading frame in mammals. Although lncRNAs lack protein-coding function, they play critical roles in the regulation of almost all the protein-coding genes in a cell at various stages including chromatin modification, transcription and post-transcriptional processing. It is thus not ...

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Immunobiology of Long Noncoding RNAs

lncRNAs

The discovery of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) has provided a new perspective on gene regulation in diverse biological contexts. lncRNAs are remarkably versatile molecules that interact with RNA, DNA, or proteins to promote or restrain the expression of protein-coding genes. Activation of immune cells is associated with dynamic changes in expression of genes, the products of which combat infectious microorganisms, ...

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