Publications

Extracellular vesicle associated long non-coding RNAs functionally enhance cell viability

Cells communicate with one another to create microenvironments and share resources. One avenue by which cells communicate is through the action of exosomes. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that are released by one cell and taken up by neighbouring cells. But how exosomes instigate communication between cells has remained largely unknown. Researchers from the University of New South Wales present evidence ...

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Visualizing the secondary and tertiary architectural domains of lncRNA RepA

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important for gene expression, but little is known about their structures. RepA is a 1.6-kb mouse lncRNA comprising the same sequence as the 5′ region of Xist, including A and F repeats. It has been proposed to facilitate the initiation and spread of X-chromosome inactivation, although its exact role is poorly understood. To gain insight ...

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Human Pancreatic β Cell lncRNAs Control Cell-Specific Regulatory Networks

lncRNA

Recent studies have uncovered thousands of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human pancreatic β cells. β cell lncRNAs are often cell type specific and exhibit dynamic regulation during differentiation or upon changing glucose concentrations. Although these features hint at a role of lncRNAs in β cell gene regulation and diabetes, the function of β cell lncRNAs remains largely unknown. In ...

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Researchers describe the first use of spherical nucleic acids as nanoparticle platform for regulating lncRNAs in cells

Emerging evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are actively involved in a number of developmental and tumorigenic processes. Here, Northwestern University researchers describe the first successful use of spherical nucleic acids as an effective nanoparticle platform for regulating lncRNAs in cells; specifically, for the targeted knockdown of the nuclear-retained metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (Malat1), a key oncogenic ...

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lincRNAs Display Distinctive Patterns of Transcription and RNA Processing

lncRNA

Numerous long intervening noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are generated from the mammalian genome by RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription. Although multiple functions have been ascribed to lincRNAs, their synthesis and turnover remain poorly characterized. Here, University of Oxford researchers define systematic differences in transcription and RNA processing between protein-coding and lincRNA genes in human HeLa cells. This is based on ...

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Functions of long intergenic non-coding (linc) RNAs in plants

lncRNA

Whole transcriptome analyses in many organisms have revealed that most transcribed RNAs do not encode proteins. These non-coding RNAs likely contribute to the regulation of gene expression during the development of multicellular organisms. In eukaryotes, the roles of small RNAs, one class of non-coding RNAs, in transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation have been well characterized. However, the functions of a second ...

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Genome-wide changes in lncRNA, splicing, and regional gene expression patterns in autism

lncRNA

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves substantial genetic contributions. These contributions are profoundly heterogeneous but may converge on common pathways that are not yet well understood. Here, through post-mortem genome-wide transcriptome analysis of the largest cohort of samples analysed so far, researchers from UCLA interrogate the noncoding transcriptome, alternative splicing, and upstream molecular regulators to broaden our understanding of molecular convergence ...

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Long noncoding RNAs in the p53 network

lncRNA

The tumor-suppressor protein p53 is activated in response to numerous cellular stresses including DNA damage. p53 functions primarily as a sequence-specific transcription factor that controls the expression of hundreds of protein-coding genes and noncoding RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). While the role of protein-coding genes and miRNAs in mediating the effects of p53 has been extensively ...

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The lncRNA HOTAIR impacts differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells via triple helix formation

There is a growing perception that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) modulate cellular function. In this study, researchers from RWTH University Medical School analyzed the role of the lncRNA HOTAIR in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with particular focus on senescence-associated changes in gene expression and DNA-methylation (DNAm). HOTAIR binding sites were enriched at genomic regions that become hypermethylated with increasing cell culture ...

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Identification of a serum circulating lncRNA panel for the diagnosis and recurrence prediction of bladder cancer

Accumulating evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and progression. Researchers from Shandong University aimed to identify a panel of lncRNAs for the diagnosis and recurrence prediction in bladder cancer (BC). The expression of 13 candidate lncRNAs was investigated in 80 BC and matched adjacent normal tissues via quantitative real-time PCR. The differentially expressed lncRNAs ...

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