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lncRNA-HIT promotes cell proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death around the world. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has pivotal roles in cancer occurrence and development. However, only a few lncRNAs have been functionally characterized. Jilin University researchers investigated the effects of lncRNA-HIT (HOXA transcript induced by TGFβ) expression on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell phenotype with the gain-of-function and loss-of-function ...

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The lncRNome of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as key players in a remarkably variety of biological processes and pathologic conditions, including cancer. Next-generation sequencing technologies and bioinformatics procedures predict the existence of tens of thousands of lncRNAs, from which we know the functions of only a handful of them, and very little is known in cancer types such as head and ...

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LncRNAs2Pathways – Identifying the pathways influenced by a set of lncRNAs of interest based on a global network propagation method

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to play essential roles in diverse cellular processes and biological functions. Exploring the functions associated with lncRNAs may help provide insight into their underlying biological mechanisms. The current methods primarily focus on investigating the functions of individual lncRNAs; however, essential biological functions may be affected by the combinatorial effects of multiple lncRNAs. Here, ...

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De novo RNA sequence assembly during in vivo inflammatory stress reveals hundreds of unannotated lincRNAs in human blood

lncrna

Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) have emerged as key regulators of cellular functions and physiology. Yet functional lincRNAs often have low, context-specific and tissue-specific expression. Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center hypothesized that many human monocyte and adipose lincRNAs would be absent in current public annotations due to lincRNA tissue specificity, modest sequencing depth in public data, limitations of transcriptome assembly ...

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Novel lincRNA SLINKY is a prognostic biomarker in kidney cancer

lncRNA

Clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) show a broad range of clinical behavior, and prognostic biomarkers are needed to stratify patients for appropriate management. Stanford University researchers  sought to determine whether long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) might predict patient survival. Candidate prognostic lincRNAs were identified by mining The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) transcriptome (RNA-seq) data on 466 ccRCC cases (randomized ...

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ASSA – Transcriptome-Wide Prediction Of lncRNA-RNA Interactions By Thermodynamics

lncRNA

The discovery of thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in mammals raises a question about their functionality. It has been shown that some of them function post-transcriptionally via formation of inter-molecular duplexes. Sequence alignment tools are frequently used for transcriptome-wide prediction of RNA-RNA interactions. However, such approaches have poor prediction accuracy since they ignore RNA secondary structure and interaction energy. ...

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Development of a novel prognostic signature of long non-coding RNAs in lung adenocarcinoma

lncRNA

Increasing evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may play a crucial role in many biological processes in a variety of cancers and serve as the basis for many clinical applications including prognostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets. Researchers from the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center set out to develop a prognostic lncRNA signature with RNA-seq data in lung adenocarcinomas. ...

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LncFunNet – an integrated computational framework for identification of functional long noncoding RNAs

lncRNA

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulators of diverse cellular processes. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing have allowed for an unprecedented discovery of novel lncRNAs. To identify functional lncRNAs from thousands of candidates for further functional validation is still a challenging task. Here, researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong present a novel computational framework, lncFunNet (lncRNA Functional inference ...

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Flicr, a long noncoding RNA, modulates Foxp3 expression and autoimmunity

lncRNA

A combination of transcription factors, enhancers, and epigenetic marks determines the expression of the key transcription factor FoxP3 in regulatory T cells (Tregs). Adding an additional layer of complexity, the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) Flicr (Foxp3 long intergenic noncoding RNA) is a negative regulator that tunes Foxp3 expression, resulting in a subset of Tregs with twofold- to fivefold-lower levels of ...

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Post-doc Position Available – RNA Biochemistry

lncRNA

Job description LANL has an intellectually diverse environment and demands creative, innovative and pioneering solutions. LANL is multidisciplinary with expertise in chemistry, materials science, bioscience, physics, engineering, computer science, social science and many other fields. As a national laboratory, high priority is placed in interdisciplinary studies. Facilities include a large number of supercomputers, high-throughput biochemistry, and next-generation sequencing, as well ...

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